The New York State Legislature on Friday passed a bill restricting the concealed carry of firearms in locations such as government buildings and schools after the US Supreme Court last week struck down the state’s century-old law that had placed restrictions on carrying a concealed handgun outside the home.
The state Senate passed the bill 43-20 Friday in a party-line vote. The state Assembly passed the legislation Friday evening 91-51.
New York Gov. Kathy Hochul, who called the legislature into an extraordinary session Thursday to address the issue, is expected to sign the bill into law. “I look forward to signing the legislation as soon as it’s finished,” the Democratic governor said earlier Friday.
The new law lays out a strict licensing process to obtain a concealed-carry permit and a list of locations deemed “sensitive” — including Times Square — where firearm possession will be illegal, according to bill text obtained by CNN. Other areas defined as sensitive include government-owned buildings, schools, health care facilities, places of worship and public transportation. People who carry a gun in a prohibited location could be charged with a felony under the law.
Lawmakers hammered out the final bill text on Thursday and brought the bill for a vote on Friday after some debate — drawing criticism from Republicans over the short turnaround.
During a news conference earlier Friday in Albany, Hochul shared the impetus behind the legislation and some of its details.
“Because of the stroke of a pen, (the Supreme Court) removed longstanding limitations that we were able to use in the state of New York to make smart decisions on who should have the right to carry a weapon,” Hochul said Friday. “We believe gun laws like those have made New York safer.”
The law enacts a strict permitting process for concealed-carry licenses. It requires background checks for ammunition sales, a policy Hochul has said is not meant to focus on lawful gun owners.
Under the law, gun owners will be required to store firearms in safe places in their residences if minors under the age of 18 reside in the home — an increase from the previously established age of 16.
Democratic leaders have said they expect pro-gun advocates to challenge the legislation in court — but they believe the bill language will hold up.
New York State Senate Majority Leader Andrea Stewart-Cousins said during a news conference Friday that lawmakers crafted the language carefully following the Supreme Court decision.
“We wanted to make sure that our permitting process would be able to stand up to scrutiny, and the technical aspects took a long time. But we are confident that we are providing New York, again, an opportunity not only to be able to have their concealed carry, but also to make New Yorkers safe,” Stewart-Cousins said.
Last week, the Supreme Court struck down New York’s gun law that required a resident to obtain a license to carry a concealed pistol or revolver in public and demonstrate that “proper cause” existed for the permit.
Applicants had been required to show an “actual and articulable” self-defense need, as opposed to one that is “speculative or specious.”
In the wake the Supreme Court’s decision, Hochul called it “shocking” and “frightful in its scope of how they are setting back this nation and our ability to protect our citizens.”
She added that it is “particularly painful” that the ruling “came down at this moment, when we’re still dealing with families in pain from mass shootings that have occurred — the loss of life, their beloved children and grandchildren.”
In May, a gunman opened fire at a Buffalo, New York, supermarket in a predominately Black neighborhood, killing 10 people in a shooting that authorities say was a racist hate crime.
The governor called state lawmakers back into a special session this week to pass gun legislation.
Last month, Hochul signed a legislative package to tighten state gun laws, including a law that raised the minimum age to buy a semiautomatic rifle to 21.
This story has been updated with additional details Friday.
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