Survival Day 2020 marks 250 years since Captain James Cook sailed the east coast of Australia and wrongly declared it “terra nullius” ― a finders keepers colonial term translated from Latin to “uninhabited land”.
The anniversary has spurred the Morrison Government to spend more than $60 million of taxpayer money marking the colonisation of Australia with a series of events.
The prime minister announced last year he would use a chunk of the money to send a replica of Cook’s HMS Endeavour (known as HMB Endeavour) to circumnavigate the country and host activities at each of its proposed 39 stops.
The plan is something Scott Morrison says will “help Australians better understand Captain Cook’s historic voyage” and “rediscover” the explorer because he “gets a bit of a bad show.”
However, the circumnavigation does not align with what actually happened.
“The Endeavour never circumnavigated Australia,” professor Marcia Langton told HuffPost Australia.
“It was Matthew Flinders that circumnavigated Australia from 1802 to 1803.”
At the time of the 2019 announcement, former Leader of the Opposition Bill Shorten accused Morrison of having a “bizarre Captain Cook fetish”.
Langton points out that Cook didn’t discover Australia, although he claimed the east coast of Australia for Britain.
“If you read his journals, he’s not in fact a very significant figure in Australian history,” she said.
“Australia was created by the Westminster Parliament with legislation that came into effect on January 1, 1901.
“None of them (the government) know their history; they’re just mishmashing everything together in this white supremacist orgy.”
Spending $60 million or not, Australia Day is the anniversary of January 26, 1788, when British settlers, mostly convicts and military men led by Sir Arthur Phillip, felled several gum trees on the shore of Sydney Cove, erected Britain’s flag and claimed the land for King George III.
Australian author Jessica North describes the event in her book “Esther” as loud and boozy, with lieutenants toasting the King and the Royal Family while marines fired volleys into the air between cheers.
Since that day, January 26 has been marked with similar festivities, although the convicts became modern Australians, the presumed brandy became VB stubbies and the volleys were swapped with fireworks.
Even though Australia Day has been held as a nationally recognised public holiday only since 1994, individual states have held their own formal or informal celebrations since soon after the 1788 landing.
But the day also marks the beginning of more than a century of trauma for the Aboriginal inhabitants of Australia, who were dispossessed of their lands, massacred by settlers and decimated by European diseases, directly leading to modern people of Indigenous heritage being subject to social, health and employment outcomes far below those of the wider Australian population.
Langton points out that the Cook celebration, “which has nothing to do with the creation of Australia”, diminishes the message that January 26 is not a great day to have as Australia’s national day.
“We need to start celebrating 65,000 years of Aboriginal occupation of Australia and our many achievements and contributions and start overcoming the terrible, terrible lies about Aboriginal society, our humanity, our cultures, and our languages,” she said. “I’ve always preferred NAIDOC Week,” referring to the National Aboriginals and Islanders Day Observance Committee’s annual week for all Australians to come together to celebrate the rich history, diverse cultures and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
What Can I Do Instead?
Sheelagh Daniels-Mayes, a lecturer in Indigenous education at the University of Sydney, said there are plenty of activities we can get involved with to celebrate the oldest continuous culture in the world ― not just on January 26 but all year round.
“We talk about ‘Indigenous history’ but the truth is that this is ‘Australian history’ ― our history,” she said. “Australians need to be actively learning throughout the year, not just this one day.”
Design A Quiz For Around The BBQQuestions could celebrate Indigenous excellence:
Who is on the $50 note, and why are they famous?
Who won the 2019 AACTA for Best Lead Actress in a TV Drama?
How many Aboriginal languages are there?
What Aboriginal Country were you born on? Live on? Work on?
What colours are on the Aboriginal flag and what do they represent?
Who designed it and when?
What was significant about 1967?
Read A Book Daniels-Mayes recommends “Dark Emu” by Bruce Pascoe and “Welcome to Country” by Marcia Langton.
Fly The Aboriginal Flag “Our household flies the Aboriginal flag as a mark of respect,” Daniels-Mayes said.
Indigenous Experience If you’re in Sydney, there are many tours that fit into every budget:
The largest one-day gathering and recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures in Australia, held on traditional lands of the Gadigal people in Sydney at Victoria Park.
The Long March For Justice Through TreatyA 30th anniversary re-creation of the 1988 march, starting with a welcome to country at Redfern Oval at 9.30am.
“The march will depart at 10am and walk toward Hyde Park, where there will be ceremony, music and speeches,” Daniels-Mayes said.
“The march is calling for support for the Uluru statement’s proposal of a Makaratta or treaty commission.”
Invasion DayRally “Organised by FIRE (Fighting In Resistance Equally) grassroots Indigenous activists,” Daniels-Mayes explained. “This leaves The Block in Redfern at 10am and marches toward Victoria Park to join the Yabun festival.”
A post shared by Yabun (@yabunfestival) on Jan 9, 2020 at 11:03pm PST
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