A former Georgian president was taken into custody upon returning to the Eastern European nation, officials announced Friday in anticipation of the former leader rallying his supporters for national municipal elections that could define the country’s political future.
Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili announced the arrest 18 hours after Mikheil Saakashvili posted on social media that he was back in the country. The former president was convicted in absentia on abuse of power charges and since has resided in Ukraine.
Saakashvili said in Facebook video posts that he was in Batumi, the Black Sea port resort and the country’s second-largest city. Details of the arrest were not provided, but Georgian officials denied that Saakashvili was in the country.
For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.
In the posts, Saakashvili called Saturday’s elections “crucial” for Georgia and had called for a rally in Tbilisi on Sunday, promising to join it.
Saakashvili’s attempts to rally Georgians could upend the ruling party’s plans to secure dominance in the balloting for mayors and local assemblies that is widely regarded as a vote of confidence in the national government and could trigger early elections next year.
The European Union brokered a deal in April to ease a political crisis between the ruling Georgian Dream party and opposition groups, including Saakashvili’s United National Movement, the second-biggest political force in the country.
The agreement stipulated that snap parliamentary elections should be called in 2022 if Georgian Dream receives less than 43 percent of all proportional votes in the local elections in the country’s 64 municipalities.
It is unclear whether the EU deal will be followed, however. In July, Georgian Dream withdrew from the agreement because United National Movement hadn’t signed onto it by then. The opposition party finally signed this month, and Saakashvili has urged supporters to turn out in force at the polls.
Saakashvili was president in 2004-13 and was renowned for his energetic efforts against Georgia’s endemic corruption, but Georgians became increasingly uneasy with what they saw as his authoritarian inclinations and his sometimes-mercurial behavior.
He had come to power in the Rose Revolution demonstrations that drove the previous president, former Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, to resign.
Saakashvilii left the country soon after the 2013 election, in which he could not run, was won by the candidate from Georgian Dream.
In 2018, Georgian courts convicted and sentenced him to up to six years in prison.
Saakashvili moved to Ukraine, where he became governor of the corruption-plagued Odesa region, and obtained Ukrainian citizenship, which nullified his Georgian citizenship. However, he fell out with then-President Petro Poroshenko, resigned his post and was stripped of Ukrainian citizenship.
He forced his way back into Ukraine in 2017 but was eventually deported to Poland. After Poroshenko’s successor, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, came to power, Saakashvili returned to Ukraine and was named to a top corruption-fighting position.
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