Two congressional committees on Tuesday dug into the Jan. 6 attack on the Capitol by a mob of Trump supporters, bringing out new information about the security failures that helped lead to violence and death.
Representative Carolyn B. Maloney, Democrat of New York and the chairwoman of the House Oversight Committee, unveiled her committee’s research into the delayed response of the National Guard, showing that Capitol Police and local officials made 12 “urgent requests” for Guard support during the attack and that Army leaders told the National Guard to “stand by” five times as the violence escalated.
“That response took far too long,” Ms. Maloney said. “This is a shocking failure.”
Members of House Oversight and Reform Committee questioned Christopher A. Wray, the F.B.I. director; General Charles Flynn, who commands the U.S. Army Pacific; and Lieutenant General Walter Piatt, director of the Army staff.
Mr. Wray came under tough questioning from Ms. Maloney, who argued federal law enforcement agencies overlooked specific intelligence about threats against the Capitol.
“The threats, I would say, were everywhere,” Ms. Maloney said. “The system was blinking red.” She said the social media site Parler, in particular, referred threats of violence to the F.B.I. more than 50 times ahead of the attack.
“I do not recall hearing about this particular email,” Mr. Wray replied. “I’m not aware of Parler ever trying to contact my office.”
General Flynn and General Piatt were involved in a key mid-riot call with police leaders in which Army leaders worried about the “optics” of sending in the Guard, according to those involved in the meeting.
In testimony submitted to the committee, General Piatt said in the days leading up to the Jan. 6 protests, he was “definitely concerned about the public perception of using soldiers to secure the election process in any manner that could be viewed as political.”
General Piatt said that Washington D.C. and Capitol Police officials were frantic on the call during the riot and grew convinced that he was denying their request for the guard, which he insisted he was not.
“When people’s lives are on the line, two minutes is too long,” General Piatt said. “But we were not positioned for that urgent request. We had to re-prepare so we would send them in prepared for this new mission.”
General Flynn is the brother of Michael T. Flynn, the disgraced former national security adviser under President Donald J. Trump who has emerged as one of the biggest promoters of the lie of a stolen election.
In submitted testimony, General Charles Flynn said that he was not a participant on the call, but merely overheard portions of it when he entered the room while it was in progress. But he said that he heard no discussion of political considerations.
Documents obtained by the committee show that beginning at 1:30 p.m. on Jan. 6, top officials at the Defense Department received at least 12 urgent requests for help from the Capitol Police chief, the mayor of Washington, and other officials. But the National Guard did not arrive until 5:20 p.m., more than four hours after the Capitol perimeter had been breached.
Mr. Bolton testified about his fourth investigative report into the failures of Jan. 6, which found that the department’s tactical unit did not have access to adequate training facilities or adequate policies for securing ballistic helmets and vests, and that the agency’s First Responder Unit was not equipped with adequate less-lethal weapons.
Ms. Goodwin said that some of the command-and-control issues exposed during the board had been flagged by her agency in 2017, but that the Capitol Police Board, which oversees the operations of the force, had not acted on G.A.O.’s recommendations or even responded to their requests for progress reports.
“As of today, the board has not provided us with any substantive information consistent with the practices noted above,” she said.
About 140 officers were injured during the attack, and seven people died in connection with the siege, including one officer who suffered multiple strokes after sparring with members of the mob.
Lawmakers did not hear testimony from the acting chief of the Capitol Police, Yogananda D. Pittman, who declined to appear before the oversight committee, citing her need to hear testimony from Mr. Bolton.
Ms. Maloney said she was “disappointed” Chief Pittman did not attend Tuesday’s hearing, but said she committed to testifying on July 21.
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