The COVID-19 pandemic began in December last year, when cases of the virus were identified in the city of Wuhan, China. The number of cases rose quickly, and by the end of January, the World Health Organization had confirmed 9,826 cases across 20 countries.
Since then, this figure has increased almost 100 fold. At the time of writing, the Johns Hopkins University dashboard tracker had confirmed over 877,000 cases in 180 countries.
To curb the spread of the virus, containment measures have been put in place in countries across the globe, aimed at limiting the movement and contact of people. At one point, a third of the global population was under some form of lockdown. These measures brought a halt to many industries and transport networks.
It is thought the drop in vehicles on the roads and industrial output is so extensive, there could be a huge fall in carbon dioxide emissions, with carbon monoxide emissions falling by almost 50 percent compared to 2019, the BBC reports.
But the huge fall in the use of industrial machinery and vehicles also appears to have led to a reduction in seismic noise. Thomas Lecocq, a seismologist at the Royal Observatory of Belgium in Brussels, said a huge drop had been observed, Nature magazine reports. His recordings suggest manmade seismic noise had fallen by around one third. “This is really getting quiet now in Belgium,” he is quoted as saying.
A similar drop was reported by Stephen Hicks, at the U.K.’s Imperial College London. On Twitter, he presented graphs showing the fall in average daytime background seismic noise. “It seems quite clear that over the last few days, the increase in noise level at dawn… is much less steep than over the past few weeks,” he Tweeted. “I guess this is due to a much weaker morning rush hour—fewer people commuting and no school runs.”
Celeste Labedz, a geophysics PhD student at Caltech, responded saying she had observed a similar reduction in Los Angeles. “The drop is seriously wild,” she said.
The drop in seismic noise could help seismologists studying earthquakes and volcanoes to better monitor activity. Without the background noise, spotting small changes in seismic activity may be easier. “There’s a big chance indeed it could lead to better measurements,” Lecocq told Nature.
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